Drought conditions in Oaxaca will reduce state production by 20%

The drought that prevented producers from sowing seasonal maize “on time” will impact up to 20 percent of Oaxaca’s annual production.

The preliminary calculation was made by the president of the Basic Corn-Bean Product System of the State of Oaxaca, Raúl Narváez Labastida, who assured that the final figure will be in December.

With the exception of the region of the Papaloapan Basin, which is “blessed” by the presence of rain throughout the year, the rest of the crops in the other regions that depend on the rainy season did face performance problems due to the drought.

It is in the region of the Papaloapan Basin where producers will start harvesting next week to re-plant.

The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food (Sagarpa) reports that the largest corn production occurs in municipalities such as San Juan Bautista Valle Nacional, Ayotzintepec, San Juan Cotzocon, Santa Maria Jacatepec, San Juan Guichicovi, San Juan Lalana, San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec, Santiago Pinotepa Nacional, San Lucas Ojitlan and Santiago Jamiltepec.

The productive potential of corn grain allowed Oaxaca to harvest in 2016 a production of 722,496 tons, but in 2017 it decreased by 3 percent, that is to 700,625 tons of corn.

A similar figure, but that fluctuates between 600 thousand and 650 thousand hectares of corn is the annual production reported by the Product System, “but everything depends on the weather”. Its forecasts for the drought this year would represent a decrease in production to that reported in 2017.

It is this level of average production that prevents Oaxaca from being considered among the states of the country with the greatest harvests.

Data from the Agrifood and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP) identifies Sinaloa, Jalisco, State of Mexico, Michoacán, Guanajuato, Chihuahua, Guerrero, Chiapas, Veracruz and Tamaulipas as the states with the highest grain production.

About the author

This article was written by Ian Hayden Parker, Oaxaca Life staff writer, the leading source for English news in Oaxaca, Mexico.

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