The perception of insecurity by those living in Oaxaca de Juárez, and its metropolitan area, grew 8.7 percent in two years, going from 65.6 percent in March and April 2016 to 74.3 percent in 2018, according to the National Survey of Victimization and Perception on Public Safety 2018 (Envipe).
In the perception of insecurity by municipality or delegation during the March and April 2018 period, Oaxaca de Juárez was well above the state average, which was 61.7 percent, a difference of 12.7 percentage points.
Since 2017, the perception of insecurity in the city of Oaxaca de Juárez has been on the rise, when 67.8 percent of the population felt insecure.
The measurement of the perception of insecurity in the metropolitan area of the city of Oaxaca has been surveyed by Envipe since 2014, when the second highest level was presented, with 71.3 percent.
In 2015, 68.4 percent of the inhabitants of the city of Oaxaca said they felt insecure.
At the national level, the metropolitan area where its inhabitants felt most insecure was in Villahermosa, Tabasco, with 93.5 percent of the people had safety concerns.
In contrast, where they felt most secure was in the metropolitan area of Mérida, Yucatán, with only 31.4 percent of the population having a sense of insecurity.
40.4 percent of the crimes of which the inhabitants of the city of Oaxaca de Juárez were victims were robberies in the street or in public transport, 24.2 percent for extortion, 23.1 percent were victims of total or partial theft of a vehicle, 14.5 percent fraud and 10.5 percent due to verbal threats.
The most frequent criminal or antisocial behavior observed by the citizens of the metropolitan area of Oaxaca in order of greater relevance are: the consumption of alcohol in the street, robbery, drug consumption, gangs or violent gangs and sales of pirated products.
On the other hand, the black figure, unreported crimes, in the Oaxacan capital reached 96.5 percent, a level equal to the rest of the state, and the highest levels of the country.
The survey measures the perception of safety among the citizens, it does consider actual crime rates, arrests, or criminal reports.